When writing a research essay, you may want to include poetry. This page contains everything you need to know to cite a poem in MLA style within your paper and on your reference page, as well as how to properly quote poems of different lengths within your paper.
This page also contains information on creating your citations, formatting examples, and what details you need to compile before you can begin.
This guide follows rules established in the MLA Handbook8th edition, but is not officially associated with the Modern Language Association.
Before you can create your poem citationyou will need to gather information on your source. If available, find:. Since poems can come from multiple sources, there are a few basic formats you can follow to create a citation. The formatting guidelines are different depending on where you found the poem. Accessed date numerical day Month numerical year. Frost, Robert. Accessed 1 Mar. The formatting guidelines for citing a poem from a book are different from the guidelines for citing a poem found online.
Note that anthologies have their own citation format. An anthology is a collection of works from different authors. This section contains the basic guidelines for citing a poem from a book. The format for anthologies is provided in the next section. The guidelines for citing a poem from an anthology are different from the guidelines for citing a poem found online or even in a poetry book.
An anthology is a compilation of different works from different authors or artists. The following format is for poems from an anthology. Drummond, William. Unlike the reference page citations, MLA in-text citations for poems are generally the same regardless of the source. The example below follow Section 1. Using a direct quote from a poem is different from making a reference to a poem within your paper.
To use a direct quote, you must put it in quotation marks. Following the in-text citation guidelines in the section above, place your in-text citation at the end of your quote in parentheses, after the closing quotation marks and before the period. When quoting four or more lines of poetry, you will not use quotation marks. Here are more formatting guidelines:. Written by Grace Turney.
She is a freelance author and artist. Upload a paper to check for plagiarism against billions of sources and get advanced writing suggestions for clarity and style. Get Started. How useful was this post? Click on a star to rate it! We are sorry that this post was not useful for you! Let us improve this post!Regardless of what writing guide you are using to format your document, you will need to craft a list of references — called a bibliography, a works cited page or a references page — which is attached to the end of your work.
Though the title of the list varies among the three most common writing guides — APA, MLA and Chicago styles — the rules for citing poems are very similar. Under the citation rules for the seventh edition of the "MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers," your citation should begin with the name of the poet. List the last name, followed by a comma, the first name and a period. Next, list the title of the poem in quotation marks and followed by a period.
In italics, list the title of the collection in which the poem is found and then a period. Then list the name of the editor precede the name with the title "Ed. Next, list the city in which the work was published, a colon, the publishing house, a comma and the year of publication. Follow that with another period. Complete your citation with the page on which the poem was found and the medium of publication; follow both items with a period.
If the poem is included in a collection of the author's own work, there will likely be no editor listed. Simply omit this piece of information from your citation. The sixth edition of the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association" does not provide specific instructions for poetry citations. If citing sources without explicit instructions, the guide suggests following the guidelines for the type of source most similar to yours.
For poetry, this depends on where you find your poem. If your poem appears in a magazine, such as a literary magazine, begin your citation with the name of the poet last name, comma and first name followed by the year of publication in parentheses.
Follow that with a period. Next, list the title of the poem and then a period. Then, in italics, write the title of the magazine, a comma, the volume number and another comma. Finally list the numbers of the pages on which the poem appears and conclude the citation with another period.
If the poem appears in an anthology of work, list the author's name last name, followed by a comma then the first name then place the year of publication in parentheses and follow with a period.
Next list the title of the poem and a period. Then write the word "In" followed by the name of the collection's editor and a comma. List the title of the collection in italics, the numbers of the page the work appears on in parentheses and then a period. Finally, list the city the publishing house is located in, followed by a colon and the name of the publisher.
Much like APA style, the 16th edition of the "Chicago Manual of Style" doesn't provide specific instructions for citing poems in a bibliography.
Again, you should look to the guidelines for the source most similar to the one you are using. If the poem was found in a magazine, your bibliographic citation will begin with the poet's name — last name, followed by a comma, the first name and a period. Then list the title of the poem in quotation marks and place a period inside the closing marks. Finally, list the title of the magazine in italics, and follow that with a comma and the date of publication.
If the poem was found in a collection, the citation will also begin with the poet's name and the poem's title. Next, however, you should write "In" followed by the name the book in italics and then place a comma.
Then write "edited by" and list the name of the editor. After a comma, list the numbers of the page where the poem is found. Finally, list the city of publication followed by a colon, and conclude your citation with the name of the publishing house, a comma and the year of publication.
Edison, New Jersey: Castle Books, The Road in August.When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. MLA Modern Language Association style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8 th ed. Note: We have chosen to include the date of access for the online sources below. The latest MLA guidelines specify that this is optional, but strongly recommended for sources whose date of publication is unavailable.
If it had been cited by the name of its director, the citation would need to begin with Guggenheim's surname. MLA guidelines specify that both styles are acceptable see, e. Dean, Cornelia. Accessed 29 May Ebert, Roger. Accessed 15 June Gowdy, John. Harris, Rob, and Andrew C. Accessed 29 July An Inconvenient Truth. Directed by Davis Guggenheim, Paramount, Leroux, Marcel. Global Warming: Myth or Reality?
Springer, Milken, Michael, et al. Nordhaus, William D. Regas, Diane. Accessed 19 July Revkin, Andrew C. Shulte, Bret. Ebsco, Access no: Note : For your Works Cited list, all citations should be double spaced and have a hanging indent. A "hanging indent" means that each subsequent line after the first line of your citation should be indented by 0. Page Numbers of the Poem. Donne, John. Note: If citing more than 3 lines, follow the rules for a long quotation.
How to Write a Bibliography for a Poem
Author's Last Name, First Name. Accessed Day Month Year site was visited. Keats, John. Accessed 24 March It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older.
This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Welcome How Do I Cite?Quoting Poetry (MLA 8th ed.)
Poetry Taken From a Website. In-Text Citation Rules for Poetry. Spell out months fully in the body of your paper. Formatting Note : For your Works Cited list, all citations should be double spaced and have a hanging indent. Line Number s Example: Pope 5. Subjects: Citing Your Sources. Tags: MLA. Works Cited List Example.
In-Text Citation Example. Poem includes line numbers. Poem doesn't include line numbers. Poem includes divisions acts, scenes, cantos, books, parts and line numbers.Published on August 9, by Shona McCombes. Revised on December 3, When you quote poetry, you have to properly format the quotation and direct the reader to the correct source entry in the Works Cited list. If line or page numbers are available, add these to the parenthetical citation directly after the quote.
In the Works Cited entry, include the full publication details of the source in which you found the poem. When you quote a single line of a poem or part of a linesimply put it in quotation marks as you would for any other quote. If you quote two or three lines, use a forward slash to mark the line breaks. Put a space before and after the slash.
Make sure to use the same punctuation, capitalization and styling as in the original text. If you quote more than three lines of poetry, set them off as a block quote. Start the quotation on a new line, indented half an inch from the left margin, with no quotation marks, and include the line breaks in the quotation. When block quoting poetry, keep the formatting as close to the original as possible. If there is any unusual spacing, reproduce this in the block quote. If you cite more than one poem by the same author, you also need to mention the title of the poem you are quoting.
Usually you will name the poet and title in the main text as you introduce the quote. Sometimes poems are published with line numbers in the margin.
If there are no line numbers displayed in the source, do not count them manually. If the poem is published over multiple pages, use the page number instead. Then include details of the source where the poem was published. Heaney, Seamus. If you accessed the poem on a website, include the name of the website and the URL. If the web page has a publication date, include this; if not, add the date on which you accessed it.
Rich, Adrienne. Poetspoets. Accessed 27 July To quote poetry in MLA styleintroduce the quote and use quotation marks as you would for any other source quotation. If the quote includes line breaks, mark these using a forward slash with a space on either side. Use two slashes to indicate a stanza break. If the quote is longer than three lines, set them off from the main text as an MLA block quote.
Reproduce the line breaks, punctuation and formatting of the original. If you are discussing multiple poems by the same author, make sure to also mention the title of the poem shortened if necessary. The title goes in quotation marks.
Only use line numbers in an MLA in-text citation if the lines are numbered in the original source. If there are no line numbers in the source, you can use page numbers instead. The rest of the citation depends on where the poem was published. If you read the poem in a book or anthology, follow the format of an MLA book chapter citation.
How to Cite Poetry in a Bibliography
If you accessed the poem online, follow the format of an MLA website citation. Thanks for reading!When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. MLA Modern Language Association style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8 th ed. Essentially, a writer will need to take note of primary elements in every source, such as author, title, etc.
Title of container do not list container for standalone books, e. The basic form for a book citation is:. Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. City of Publication, Publisher, Publication Date.
When a book has two authors, order the authors in the same way they are presented in the book. Start by listing the first name that appears on the book in last name, first name format; subsequent author names appear in normal order first name last name format. Gillespie, Paula, and Neal Lerner. Allyn and Bacon, If there are three or more authors, list only the first author followed by the phrase et al.
Latin for "and others" in place of the subsequent authors' names. Wysocki, Anne Frances, et al. Utah State UP, List works alphabetically by title.
Remember to ignore articles like A, An, and The. For each subsequent entry by the same author, use three hyphens and a period. Southern Illinois UP, A corporate author may include a commission, a committee, a government agency, or a group that does not identify individual members on the title page. American Allergy Association. Allergies in Children. Random House, Usually, you will find poems in anthologies. They are referenced in research papers according to format guidelines for an anthology.
Properly cite any poems you use in the bibliography according to MLA guidelines unless otherwise instructed by your professor or teacher. Write down the author of the poem you are citing in your bibliography. You will want to write the last name first, followed by a comma. Then, add the last name followed by a period. Example: Dibbins, Mary. In quotation marks, add the title of the poem you are citing. Follow it with a period.
Example: "The Art of Citing Poetry. Add the title of the entire anthology that contains the poem you are citing. The book title should be underlined and followed by a period. Write "Ed.
Follow it with the editors first and last name. The editor will be listed on the cover of the anthology. End the name with a period. Add the publication information for the anthology. This would be the publisher and copyright year separated by a comma and ended with a period. Example: Oxford Press, Add the page numbers where the information you are citing is found. Finished example: Dibbins, Mary. Jay Higgins. Oxford Press, Based in Ann Arbor, Mich. Coe has worked on environmental health and safety issues in communities across Ohio and Michigan.
Coe holds a Bachelor of Science in journalism with a double-major in international politics from Bowling Green State University.
She has also received training and experience as a nurse aide. How to Cite the Dictionary in a Bibliography. How to Write a Bibliography in Bluebook. How to Write a Bibliography for a Poem. Robin Coe. About the Author.